How to grow Guava (guava) Trees in Pots

Guava trees (Psidium guajava) are tropical plants renowned for their delicious fruits and attractive evergreen foliage. While typically grown in warm climates, guava trees can also thrive in pots, making them accessible to gardeners with limited space or cooler climates. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the steps to grow and care for guava trees in pots, allowing you to enjoy the taste of tropical fruits right on your doorstep.

Selecting a Guava Variety

  1. Dwarf Varieties: Opt for dwarf or miniature guava varieties suited for container cultivation. Compact varieties are ideal for small spaces and require less pruning and maintenance.
  2. Fruit Quality: Choose guava varieties known for their flavorful fruits and disease resistance. Common varieties include ‘Dwarf Hawaiian’, ‘Ruby Supreme’, and ‘Pink Supreme’.

Choosing the Right Container

  1. Size: Select a large, sturdy container with a minimum diameter of 24-36 inches and a depth of at least 18-24 inches. Guava trees have extensive root systems and require ample space to grow.
  2. Drainage: Ensure the container has adequate drainage holes to prevent waterlogging, as guava trees are susceptible to root rot in waterlogged soil.

Potting Mix and Planting

  1. Potting Mix: Use a well-draining potting mix formulated for container plants, or create your own mix using equal parts potting soil, perlite, and compost.
  2. Planting: Plant the guava tree in the center of the container, ensuring the soil level is the same as it was in the nursery pot. Water thoroughly after planting to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets.

Sunlight and Temperature

  1. Sun Exposure: Place the potted guava tree in a location that receives full sun for at least 6-8 hours per day. Guava trees thrive in warm, sunny conditions.
  2. Temperature: Guava trees are sensitive to frost and prefer temperatures between 65-85°F (18-29°C). If you live in a colder climate, consider overwintering the potted tree indoors or providing frost protection during the winter months.

Watering and Fertilizing

  1. Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist, but not waterlogged. Water the guava tree deeply whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, especially during hot, dry weather.
  2. Fertilizing: Feed the guava tree with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer formulated for fruit trees every 4-6 weeks during the growing season. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates.

Pruning and Training

  1. Pruning: Prune the guava tree annually in late winter or early spring to remove dead or diseased branches, promote airflow, and maintain a balanced shape. Remove any suckers or water sprouts that emerge from the base of the tree.
  2. Training: Train the guava tree to a central leader or open vase shape to encourage even growth and fruit production. Use stakes or trellises to support the tree if necessary.

Pest and Disease Control

  1. Pest Management: Monitor the guava tree for common pests such as aphids, scale insects, and fruit flies. Treat infestations promptly with organic insecticidal soap or neem oil.
  2. Disease Prevention: Avoid overwatering and ensure good air circulation around the tree to prevent fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and anthracnose. Remove and dispose of any infected plant material.

Harvesting and Storage

  1. Timing: Harvest guavas when they reach full size and are slightly soft to the touch. Ripe guavas will have a fragrant aroma and may change color depending on the variety.
  2. Storage: Store harvested guavas at room temperature for up to a week, or refrigerate for longer shelf life. Use ripe guavas within a few days for the best flavor and texture.


Growing guava trees in pots allows you to enjoy the taste of tropical fruits even in limited outdoor spaces. By following the guidelines outlined in this guide and providing proper care and maintenance, you can cultivate healthy, productive guava trees that yield a bounty of delicious fruits year-round. So roll up your sleeves, grab your gardening gloves, and embark on a journey of guava cultivation that promises to bring joy and flavor to your home.

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