Growing Clove (Long) Plants from Seeds at Home: A Comprehensive Guide

Growing clove plants (Syzygium aromaticum), commonly known as clove trees, from seeds at home can be a rewarding but challenging endeavor. Clove trees require specific conditions to thrive, and it’s important to be patient, as they can take several years to produce cloves. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to grow clove plants from seeds:

Materials you will need:

  1. Clove seeds (harvested from mature cloves)
  2. Well-draining potting mix or sandy soil
  3. Pots or containers with drainage holes
  4. Plastic bags or a propagation dome
  5. A warm, humid environment
  6. A bright, indirect light source
  7. Fertilizer (optional)


  1. Obtain clove seeds: Clove seeds are typically harvested from mature cloves, which are the dried flower buds of the clove tree. Look for high-quality cloves with intact seeds. You can also purchase clove seeds from reputable sources.
  2. Prepare the pots or containers: Fill pots or containers with a well-draining potting mix or sandy soil. Make sure the containers have drainage holes to prevent waterlogged soil.
  3. Plant the clove seeds: Plant the clove seeds about 1/2 to 1 inch deep in the soil. Space the seeds at least a few inches apart to allow room for growth. Water the soil thoroughly after planting.
  4. Create a humid environment: Clove seeds require high humidity to germinate successfully. Cover the pots or containers with clear plastic bags or place them in a propagation dome to create a mini greenhouse effect. This helps maintain moisture and humidity around the seeds.
  5. Provide warmth and indirect light: Place the covered pots in a warm location with temperatures around 75-85°F (24-29°C). Clove seeds need warmth to germinate. Additionally, provide bright, indirect light to encourage healthy growth.
  6. Monitor and maintain humidity: Check the soil moisture regularly and mist the soil with water if it begins to dry out. Make sure the plastic bags or propagation dome remain in place to maintain high humidity.
  7. Wait for germination: Clove seeds can take anywhere from several weeks to several months to germinate. Be patient, as they may have a slow germination period.
  8. Transplanting: Once the clove seedlings have grown large enough and have a few true leaves, you can transplant them into larger pots or directly into your garden. Choose a well-draining, rich soil with organic matter for transplanting.
  9. Fertilize (optional): You can apply a balanced, diluted fertilizer to the young clove plants to encourage healthy growth. Follow the fertilizer manufacturer’s instructions for application.
  10. Provide ongoing care: Clove trees require regular watering to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. They also need protection from strong winds and direct sunlight, especially when young.
  11. Be patient: Clove trees are slow-growing and may take several years to reach maturity and produce cloves. They can also be sensitive to changes in climate and require a stable, warm environment.

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